Facts About Cameroon & Canada

Cameroon- Canada statistics: Comparison, June 18, 2009

In 1998, the National Water Utility, SNEC, supplied only 22.5 litres of drinking water per person per day. In the larger cities such as Douala and Yaoundé, only 13 litres of water per person per day was supplied to the residents by SNEC, with an average of one connection for every 30 people. This situation reflected a steady shutdown of public standpipes in the cities with the number reported to have declined from 1,776 in 1987 to 276 in 1996, and 126 in 2002.  However, according to a proposal submitted and supported by the European Union and the government of Catalonia, Spain (2004), Cameroon set the goal to supply 50 litres of drinking water per person per day for families with household connections. Project title: Improving the accessibility and quality of drinking water and sanitation services in low-income neighbourhoods of Yaoundé

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that only 44 percent of the population of the North West region (where Kumbo is located) has access to potable water (WHO, 2009). The rest of the province’s 1.2 million inhabitants either drink from streams and lakes polluted with human and animal feces and suffer from water-borne diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, and typhoid or have to walk up to seven miles to collect clean drinking water from sporadically placed water pumps which are unreliable and hard to maintain. The Northwest Province is 90 percent dependent on farming for survival. Its lack of clean drinking water is exacerbated by agricultural deforestation, aquifer depletion, and soil erosion.

Recent statistics from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development show that in 1999, each Canadian on average used 1,471 cubic metres of water (Statistics Canada). In 1995, each Canadian was reported to consume 17.9 litres of bottled water and five years later, that number jumped to 27.6 litres." Canadian households’ daily water consumption is the second highest in the world (326 litres) second to the US with a daily water household consumption of 426 litres.

Information online references:

Available online: http://features.csmonitor.com/environment/2008/05/15/cameroonian-joins-global-quest-for-clean-water/ (2009)
Available online at: http://www.peelregion.ca/watersmartpeel/involve/involved2.htm http://www.peelregion.ca/watersmartpeel/involve/involved2.htm

Table 1: Some important statistical differences between Canada and Cameroon

EntryCameroonCanada
Population18,879,301 (2009 est.)33,487,208 (2009 est.)
Population growth rate2.19% (2009 est.)0.817% (2009 est.)
Birth rate34.1 births/1,000 population10.28 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rat63.34 deaths/1,000 live births5.04 deaths/1,000 live births
Death rate12.41 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)7.61 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth53.69 years (male: 52.89 years & female (54.52 years) (2009 est.)81.23 years (male: 78.69, female: 83.91 years (2009 est.)
People living with HIV/AID540,000 (2007 est.)73,000 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate5.1% (2007 est.)0.4% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths39,000 (2007 est.)< 500 (2007 est.)
Water contact diseaseschistosomiasis (parasitic disease) 
Literacy67.9% (male: 77% & female: 59.8% (2001 est.)99% (male: 99%, female: 99%)
Total area475,440 sq km (land: 469,440 sq km, Water: 6,000 sq km)9,984,670 sq km (land: 9,093,507 sq km, Water: 891,163 sq km)
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid feverEscherichia coli O157:H7 and Cryptosporidium
Unemployment rate 30% (2001 est.)6.1% (2008 est.)
Debt - external$2.36 billion (31 December 2008 est.)62.3% of GDP (2008 est.)

Compiled by Jackson Acha Atam for OK-Clean Water

Thank you immensely for the gift of clean water to us. I have just put to birth a baby boy and this will go a long way to ease the washing of his napkins. We go about a kilometer to fetch water which is not even clean. This is the cause of our malaria.
– Elizabeth Yenta Moto